The Last Supper leonardo Da Vinci

The Last Supper - Leonardo da vinci

No one has ever seen a true The Last Supper. Is The Last Supper really a masterpiece?
The original color is lost and many of the drawing layers are missing.
Only the outline remains slightly.
"Masterpiece?" Is a great stain a great masterpiece? 
What is The Last Supper?


The Last Supper Reconstruction

The Last Supper - Reonstruction


digital restoration of the last supper

Digital restoration of the Last Supper Details-1

Digital restoration

I began digital restoration of The Last Supper 14 years ago.

At that time, Pinin Brambilla Barcilon finished restoration of The Last Supper, on 28 May 1999.
She removed everything that had been added after Leonardo finished the painting in 1498.
The restoration is an extremely wonderful work, but I have many grievances against The Last Supper.

The color, shape, details, contrast, atmosphere...

There were few things which I could be satisfied with, so I started digital restoration of The Last Supper on 2002.
A decade later, the digital restoration was finished and I uploaded the images to the website.


last supper digital restoration

Digital restoration of the Last Supper Details-2



last supper digital restoration3

Digital restoration of the Last Supper Details-3






Reconstruction of The Last Supper - Judas -

- detail -


The mystery of Christ

Why is the head of Jesus leaning a bit?  That is because St. John was there.
St. John's excessively inclined upper body and head were originally leaning to Jesus.

In other words, Leonardo changed St. John 's sitting position to the other side.
The greatest mystery of The Last Supper lies in the seating order where St. John is sitting.

Leonardo disregarded the traditional seating order and placed apostles in a seating order that no one had drawn before.

It is important why its position.What is the reason?

That is the greatest mystery of The Last Supper.


The Holy Trinity of the Last Supper

The traditional seating arrangement at the Last Supper,  Jesus' left side is St. John and right side is St.Peter. 
Many artists accepted this traditional seating arrangement faithfully ( Domenico Ghirlandajo, Andrea del Castagno). The first plan of the Last Supper, Leonardo obviously attempted the traditional seating arrangement. It has confirmed by the study for the Last Supper (Windsor Castle Royal Collection).
Further more, each pose of the figure,  Christ, Peter and John, prove the possibility as the composition of  three persons in the center.
Leonardo's first plan is the Holy Trinity, in the center of the Last Supper. However, Leonardo expand the  Holy Trinity all over the picture.The new plan is innovative composition, Christ was excluded from the Holy Trinity, and then create the new four Holy Trinity.


Project of the Salone dei Cinquecento - 2016.10.2

Salone dei Cinquecento

My final goal is "The Battle of Anghiari"

It was about 20 years ago that I went to the Salone dei Cinquecento for the first time.
The room is magnificent and luxurious. The fresco of Giorgio Vasari is powerful, too.
Unfortunately, the position of the picture is too high and is hard to appreciate it.

The several attempts made to find Da Vinci's original work behind the Vasari fresco have so far been inconclusive.

I believe that The Battle of Anghiari of Leonardo exists in somewhere in this room.
In 2016, I began the reconstruction of the The Battle of Anghiari and The Battle of Cascina by Michelangelo.


Battle of Cascina Mchelangel

Battle of Cascina 2018/10/4



cascina michelangelo


[ left ] Reconstruction of The Battle of Cascina, 02/10/2016

The Battle of Cascina is scheduled to be completed in 2020.




cascina 2 michelangelo October 02 2016






Bastiano da Sangallo, Copy of Battaglia di Cascina


Michelangelo Casciano -Reconstruction image

Michelangelo Casciano, Reconstruction image - February 18 2018

Michelangelo Casciano, Reconstruction image - April 29 2018

Michelangelo Casciano, Reconstruction image - April 29 2018





Michelangelo Casciano, Reconstruction image - May 20 2018





Michelangelo Casciano, Reconstruction image - July 15 2018

Earlier Mona Lisa

Many theories about Mona Lisa are absurd.
It is only strange idea that I can not feel authenticity.
In order to understand Mona Lisa it is necessary to seriously face the work itself.
All of the opinions stated about Mona Lisa are about the finished state Mona Lisa presently found, but when considering the production process and initial state of Mona Lisa, a different view is also generated from the existing opinion .
It is important to know what exactly Leonardo was about to draw.


Mona Lisa digital restoration

Mona Lisa - digital restoration


For example, it is the background of Mona Lisa.
The background of Mona Lisa has an unnatural part in the connection between the near view and the distant view.
The reason is that it can be interpreted that there was only a distant view in the original Mona Lisa.
In the near view, there is a high possibility that the composition has changed considerably considerably in progress.
An important clues to know the initial state of Mona Lisa is Raphael's drawing. The point to notice in this drawing is the position of the background pillar, which is quite different from the current Mon Lisa. Raphael's drawing is drawn at a fairly high position.
At this point Raphael is trying to learn much from Leonardo's work like a painting student and it is difficult to believe that he improvised Mona Lisa's composition improvised.



Raffaello obviousiy sketched this earlier version of the Mona Lisa, in 1504.

Out line of the Mona Lisa - Right handRemove the veil - right hand of the Mona Lisa

Removed the veil - right



Out line of the Mona Lisa - left handEarly Mona Lisa

Out line - left
Earlier Mona Lisa


Leonardo repeat retouched or altered Mona Lisa on a long term.
More especially the veil stands out, it gradually increased toward the right and left both sides.
She was originally slim and simple, showing individual characteristics of Leonardo's manner of th costumes.


2012 /10/28

Lost masterpiece, Leda and The Swan


Leda and the Swan - Reconstruction [ left ] Reconstruction of the Leda and The Swan

Leda and the Swan is the lost masterpieces by Leonardo. It is obviously, Leonardo began the Leda and the Swan before 1504, Firenze. But unfortunately the original cartoon was lost. However the picture is known from many copies, of which the earliest are probably the Spiridon Leda, perhaps by a studio assistant and now in the Uffizi, and the one at Wilton House in England. Other copies by Leonardeschi include:   Fernando Yanez de la Almedina,  Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA (previously at John G. Johnson Collection, 1917),   Giampietrino,  from the collection of the Marquis of Hastings. 

- more - September 20 2015