Biography of Leonardo


1452   Leonardo was born on 15 April 1452 in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, in the lower valley of the Arno river near the city of Florence.
He was the out-of-wedlock son of the wealthy Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci,
1457 5 He lived in the household of his father.  
1466 14 Leonardo was apprenticed to the artist Andrea del Verrocchio who was master of an important workshop in Florence.

 
1467 15 Verrocchio was commissioned a bronze group portraying Christ and St. Thomas for the centre tabernacle.  
1472 20

Leonardo qualified as a master in the Guild of Saint Luke.
The Annunciation - The work was traditionally attributed to Verrocchio until 1869. It is now almost universally attributed to Leonardo.(1472,73~1475)

1473 21 His earliest known dated work is a drawing in pen and ink of the Arno valley, drawn on 5 August 1473.
1475 23 The Baptism of Christ - Painted by Andrea del Verrocchio, with the angel on the left-hand side by Leonardo.(1470,75 ~ 1478)
Madonna of the Carnation - It is generally accepted as a Leonardo, but has some overpainting possibly by a Flemish artist.(1472,75~1478)
1476 24 Florentine court records of 1476 show that Leonardo and three other young men were charged with sodomy but acquitted.  
1478 26 Leonardo left Verrocchio's studio.
He received his first of two independent commissions: to paint an altarpiece for the Chapel of St. Bernard in the Palazzo Vecchio.
1479 27 Pazzi conspiracy - Leonardo sketched the hanged Pazzi conspirator Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli.
1481 29 In March 1481, The Adoration of the Magi for the monks of San Donato a Scopeto, it was interrupted when Leonardo went to Milan.
1482 30 Leonardo worked in Milan from 1482 until 1499.  
1483 31 He was commissioned to paint the Virgin of the Rocks for the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception.
1484 32 Drawing for Leonardo's horse (also known as Gran Cavallo)
It is a sculpture that was commissioned of Leonardo da Vinci in 1482 by Duke of Milan Ludovico il Moro, but not complete.
1485 33 Leonardo started the Lady with an Ermine?
In the spring of 1485, Leonardo travelled to Hungary on behalf of Ludovico to meet Matthias Corvinus.
 
1486 34 Verrocchio died in Venice.  
1487 35 Leonardo designed for a dome of Milan Cathedral.(1487~88)  
1490 38 Gian Giacomo Caprotti da Oreno, nicknamed Salai entered Leonardo's household.
In the 1490s he studied mathematics under Luca Pacioli
Leonardo completed the Lady with an Ermine.
1491 39 Preparations for wedding ceremony for Ludovico il Moro.  
1492 40 In 1492 the clay model of the horse was completed.
1493 41 Between 1493 and 1495 Leonardo listed a woman called Caterina among his dependents in his taxation documents.  
1495 43 Leonardo started the Last Supper.(1495~1497)
When Caterina died in 1495, the list of funeral expenditures suggests that she was his mother.
1497 45 The Last Supper was almost completed for the refectory of the Convent of Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan.
Sala delle Asse was started.

 

1499 47

Sala delle Asse was completed.

Leonardo fled Milan for Venice where he was employed as a military architect and engineer.
1500 48

He drew a portrait of Isabella d'Este.

Leonardo returned to Florence.

1501 49 Leonardo created the cartoon of The Virgin and Child with St Anne and St John the Baptist.
1502 50 Leonardo entered the service of Cesare Borgia acting as a military architect and engineer and travelling throughout Italy with his patron.
1503 51 Leonardo returned to Florence.
The Battle of Anghiari
1504 52

Mona Lisa

He received notice of the death of his father, Ser Piero.

1505 53 Leonardo received payment of The Battle of Anghiari.
1506 54

Leonardo returned to Milan.

At this time he may have commenced a project for an equestrian figure of Charles II d'Amboise, the acting French governor of Milan.

1507 55

Leonardo stay in Milan and Florence.

Cesare Borgia died.

 
1508 56 Leonardo was back in Milan, living in his own house in Porta Orientale in the parish of Santa Babila.  
1509 57    
1510 58

Virgin and Child with St. Anne

 

1511 59 From 1510 to 1511 he collaborated in his studies with the doctor Marcantonio della Torre.
1512 60    
1513 61 Leonardo spent much of his time living in the Belvedere in the Vatican in Rome. 1513-1516
1514 62    
1515 63

Leonardo was commissioned to make for Francis a mechanical lion which could walk forward, then open its chest to reveal a cluster of lilies.

 
1516 64

Leonardo entered François' service, being given the use of the manor house Clos Lucé near the king's residence at the royal Château d'Amboise.

Giuliano de' Medici died.

1517 65    
1518 66    
1519 67 Leonardo died at Clos Lucé, on 2 May 1519.